Friday, May 22, 2020

Text For Thought Employee Communications - 1701 Words

TEXT for THOUGHT EMPLOYEE COMMUNICATIONS HANDBOOK TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION 1 – INTRODUCTION †¢ Changes in Communication Policy SECTION 2 – HOW TO DETERMINE YOUR AUDIENCE †¢ How to Assess an Audience SECTION 3 - FORMAL INFORMAL COMMUNICATION †¢ Basic Guidelines SECTION 4 – WRITTEN COMMUNICATIONS (Internal External) †¢ Email Guidelines SECTION 5 – TIPS FOR EFFECTIVE LISTENING AND FEEDBACK †¢ Explanation of listening and feedback process SECTION 6 – INTERPRETING NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION †¢ Explanation of non-verbal communication SECTION 7 – EFFECTIVE INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION †¢ Importance of intercultural Communication SECTION 1- INTRODUCTION- Changes in Communication policy This handbook has been prepared by Human Resources, to familiarize employees with protocols relating to various methods and, or guidelines of communication both internally and externally that will be adhered to by all Text for Thought personnel. All employees are responsible for reading, understanding and following the guidelines set forth in the handbook. The objective of the Company is to create a stronger communication structure that will result in increased revenue and a work environment where every employee feels comfortable working in. This handbook supersedes all previous employee handbooks and memos relating to communication policy and procedures. Changes to the handbook can be made only by senior management by committee. SECTION 2 – HOW TO DETERMINE YOURShow MoreRelatedDetermine Your Audience Essay1022 Words   |  5 Pagesfor buried treasure without a map. You’re putting yourself out there, and you’re taking action, but you lack a particular goal. The audience, is one of the most critical components in organizational communication, both internally and externally. As such, it is essential for employees at Text for Thought to learn how to determine an audience. One strategy to determine your audience is to discover who your audience is. Does your audience contain a single mother making less than $30,000 a year? A retiredRead MoreThe Culture At Lincoln Electric Company1120 Words   |  5 Pagesproduction as well as any safety concerns. In the earlier years a employee bonus plan was put forth. It took more than one try to find the right kind of plan to work, but when it did it was a success. The employee bonus plan has been a boost to the employee’s salary. Piece work is a policy that has been around since the early days. Culture equals atmosphere in a place of work. The atmosphere directly controls in part the behavior of the employee. The culture that has been created and cultivated at LincolnRead MorePenn Foster Exam 05002300 Essay1091 Words   |  5 Pagesaccount executive, increasing client complaints about quality of work, productivity and demoralization of employees within that branch. II. Site visit to Roanoke branch was performed in order to investigate issues. A. Preformed one-on-one employee interviews in order understand the reasons behind declining morale within the branch. 1. Conducted interviews with four out of six employees from the Accounts Management department. 2. Interviewed the general manager of Roanoke branch. Read MoreEssay about Successful Management of the Passive Aggressive Employee 1552 Words   |  7 Pagestoday is the ability to handle every challenging employee situation with the appropriate communication and actions. One of the most difficult types of employees to manage is the Passive-Aggressive who refuses to accept constructive feedback and tries to stir up discontent among other employees. In order to be successful in the management of the Passive Aggressive Employee, there has to be a planned approach, which includes effective communication, consequences, and actions. This article discussesRead MoreHow Instant Messaging ( Im ) And Texting990 Words   |  4 Pageseach message, but I am confident that if my direct assistance is required, I will receive an email requesting my immediate attention. As for texting, test team members often text one another when conducting various technology assessment/test events. Texting is an effective way for data collectors to share information/ thoughts about ongoing activity without the test participants being privy to the information being discussed. Texting in my workplace environment is a replacement tool for the two-wayRead MoreWhat Has Caused the Increased Use of Digital Technology over the Last 2 Decades and What Effects Has This Had on How Communication Occurs?912 Words   |  4 PagesOver the last two decades, digital technology has become an essential part of people’s daily life and has caused an enormous influence on how the communication occurs. According to the research of the International Telecommunication Union(ITU), there were only 500 million mobile users in the 2000,but ten years later in the 2010,this number reached 4.6 billion(2010).Digital technology is a base two process, because the digitized information is re corded in binary code which is the combination of theRead MoreMary Parker Follett s Leadership907 Words   |  4 Pages Mary Parker Follett had approached management in a different view than most managers of her time. Rather than seeing conflict as just that, a conflict, she thought a conflict could be a good thing. Mary believed that managing was not about dominating the employees, nor compromising with them but rather stating each of the preferences a person holds and striving to meet each of the personal needs together. She also believed that when a manager is giving orders, they need to thoroughly discuss theRead MoreOrganizational Theory and Communication Theory684 Words   |  3 PagesWhen a company newly hires an employee, there is a certain degree of expectation from both the employee and employer. These expectations are either discussed during meetings or simply implied. The intercommunication between supervisor and subordinate depends on the company’s management s tyle. According to Renis Likert, â€Å"the system 4 management theory contains management styles that range from low concern for workers to high concern for workers† (Enfante, Rancer Avtgis, 2010, p. 305). Whether orRead MoreMy Knowledge Of Supervision At The Manufacturing Industry For Five Years1577 Words   |  7 Pagesmanager for FATHOM where I supervise a marketing team ranging in size from three to four people. The roles in this department include marketing assistants, event coordinator, and intern. My responsibilities include hiring, onboarding, development, communication, performance appraisals, and firing. For three years at Bishop-Wisecarver, I supervised the marketing department also ranging in size from three to four people with similar duties as at FATHOM. As a supervisor, I have learned how to help employeesRead MoreOverview of Demonstrative Communication990 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction Demonstrative communication in basic terms includes both unwritten and nonverbal communication. This text concerns itself with demonstrative communication. In so doing, it will highlight such things as body language, voice tone, facial expressions, etc. Further, the paper will in addition to discussing the effectiveness of demonstrative communication also address how the same involves listening and responding. Communication: A Brief Overview Communication does not have an assigned

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Hume s Theory Of Free Will And Moral Responsibility

What does Hume mean by ‘the liberty of spontaneity’ (Treatise, II.3.2,  ¶1)? Would possessing it suffice for us to have free will? David Hume was a Scottish philosopher who was largely active in the eighteenth century. While Hume is largely remembered as being part of the empiricist movement that comprised of John Locke and George Berkeley, which largely focussed on the belief that knowledge came from our sensory experiences; this essay will focus on Hume’s work regarding the concept of free will and moral responsibility. It will do this by introducing Hume’s compatibilism and his term ‘the liberty of spontaneity’, in doing so this essay will also explain Hume’s argument against libertarianism. Next, this essay will evaluate Hume’s arguments to determine whether or not possessing the liberty of spontaneity leads to free will. In his second treatise, Hume discusses the passions of the mind and how the internal mind operates, in doing this he moves on to the impression of will. It is this discussion that led to Hume’s questioning of the current belief in free will and moral responsibility. By ‘the will’ Hume meant: †¦ I mean nothing but the internal impression we feel and are conscious of, when we knowingly give rise to any new motion of our body, or new perception of our mind. The question Hume wanted to answer was whether or not our experience of the will is influenced by prior causes because this would appear to threaten our ability to be responsible for those choices.Show MoreRelatedFree Will Compatible With Determinism Essay1634 Words   |  7 PagesElizabeth Donis Professor Ryan Hay Phil. 190 11 December, 2015 Free Will Compatible With Determinism Free will – a concept that always brings forth the question, â€Å"Does free will exist?† There are various arguments that come from both sides of the discussion, those in favor of free will based on religious text, and those that can argue that free will is a concept and ideal created to give humans the illusion that they have the ability to choose what they can do in life.The questionRead MoreDeterminism And Its Effects On Society957 Words   |  4 Pagesstood for Hard determinism was convinced that no free wills were available for anything in the universe. Those â€Å"Free will† existed in people’s mind were built on illusions, since they had ignored the actual causes for them. The hard determinism could apply to everything we neither might encounter in the past nor in present time. But I think the laws were found or formed by ourselves since the revolutions of the human societies in thousands of years, it s not correct to say that no choices are ever madeRead MoreDeterminism, Soft Determinism And Libertarianism982 Words   |  4 Pagesstood for Hard determinism was convinced that no free wills were available for anything in the universe. Those â€Å"Free will† existed in people’s mind were built on illusions, since they had ignored the actual causes to them. The hard determinism could apply to everything we neither might encountered in the past nor in present time. But I think the laws were found or formed by ourselves since the evolutions of the human societies in thousands years, it s not correct to say that no choices are ever madeRead MoreDeterminism of Human Behavior Essay1176 Words   |  5 Pagesthere are two theories in particular that are highly debated with each other. One argument is that behaviour is determined through free will, known as libertarianism. Free will, by definition, is the notion that we are free to make our own decisions and are thus in control of our behaviour. By this, however, it is not meant that you can behave in a way completely out of your ability (like lay an egg or fly) just because you are in control; it means free will in the senseRead MoreLiberalism, The Political Philosophy On Ideas Of Equality And Liberty1573 Words   |  7 PagesLiberalism Liberalism is the political philosophy on ideas of equality and liberty. Liberalisms focus is on the general ideas of fair elections by the people, civil rights, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, free trade, and private property. As with all things though, the way the idea of liberalism can viewed differ by each individual person and the trails they have gone through. Liberalism is no exception from this phenomenon and during the nineteenth Century there were many trails changingRead MoreAnalysis Of David Hume s Theory Of Justice2868 Words   |  12 Pagesownership. David Hume defined property as nothing but a stable possession under the mutually respected understanding of society. Basically, Man creates society to enforce justice which allows man to own and use property as he desires. A grand idea but is it so simple? If Man creates society to protect this arbitrary concept, does society have the right to take this right away? John Rawls felt that society was responsible for deciding who properly owns property, whether it s individually or communallyRead MoreWhat Does It All Mean? By Thomas Nagel1760 Words   |  8 Pagesthat philosophers encounter to give responses. In every chapter, Nagel talks about different consequences to a variety of problems. The chapters expose well-known theories that philosophers tested for flaws, in order to give answers. Instead of giving us definitive answers to a situation, he allows us to analyze and derive our own theories after considering the problem at hand as well as past outcomes. Rethinking what we have been programmed to believe is what Nagel encourages us to do, making us wonderRead MoreLeibniz and the Problem of Evil3712 Words   |  15 Pagesit, free-will, and objections to Leibniz’s claims. Thus, in seeking to do this, I shall thread the following course: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. A Brief Biography of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz The Notion of the Problem of Evil Background to Leibniz’s Theodicy Leibniz’s Conception of the Problem of Evil Leibniz’s Account, a success or failure? Conclusion 1. A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF GOTTFRIED WILHELM LEIBNIZ Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was born in Leipzig, Germany in 1646, his father being a professor of moral philosophyRead MoreAdam Smith And Karl Marx1674 Words   |  7 Pagesmarkets but also individual liberties. For Adam Smith, the free flow of goods and services was part and parcel of the early notions of individual liberties. In other words, Smith understood that the rising specialization of businesses, which would increase with industrialization, would render individuals mere machines in the process of labor and production while concentrating wealth in the hands of the rich. His contemporaries, particularly David Hume, argued that this process was not inductive of buildingRead More An Evolutionary Ethical Theory of Social Risks and Opportunities5257 Words   |  22 PagesAn Evolutionary Ethical Theory of Social Risks and Opportunities ABSTRACT: Social standards guide us in what to do and what to refrain from doing. But can social — moral or legal — standards be trusted? This paper presents an evolutionary ethical theory that generates trustworthy ethical norms. Each norm is assigned a demonstrable risk, called an ethical risk, that depends on both human behavior and danger to the survival of society. The assigned risk is minimal if and only if everybody obeys

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Scientific Method and Life.in Short Science Free Essays

Do you know what is science? Generally, science is a body that seeks to organize knowledge systematically and in a way that is testable and that allow the process of prediction. We are always finding new discoveries, and we are using more modern tools that are more accurate. If it is in right hands then it is a blessing to man otherwise it can make life miserable. We will write a custom essay sample on Scientific Method and Life.in Short Science or any similar topic only for you Order Now Science has made our live easy and comfortable but on other hands it has also created some destructive instruments which give much power to man that’s why we should teach science technically not formally. first we will consider its merits . Science is man’s helpmate. In the field of health modern techniques of science are being introduced. Difficult surgical operation have become routine in the field of medicines. it is the science that has helped the blind to see,deaf to hear and lame to walk. Life has been quick,easy and luxurious with the invention of many types of machines i. e air conditioner,mixture,refrigerator etc. Invention of car,aeroplane and rockets etc have shortened the distance. Atomic energy is another recent scientific achievement. Atomic reactors are producing cheaper source of power and energy. The computer and internet has brought great change in our life. In short science is the key of success. On the other hand science has some demerits also. science has provided us with fearful weapons of human destruction. Science has given us atom bomb and hydrogen bomb. These inventions have opened up with frightful possibilities of bacteriological warfare,all of which can wipe out entire nation in no time. Computer is the most wonderful invention but the misuse of computer is creating many problems like student waste their time in net cafe’s and in playing video games. People are going away from healthy way of life. Children learn from their parents, siblings, other relatives as well as from teachers. They learn from movies, television, radio, magazines as well as from schoolbooks and the school environment. Science teachers should exploit the rich resources of the larger community and involve parents and other concerned adults in useful ways. It is also important for teachers to recognize that some of what their students learn informally is wrong, incomplete, poorly understood, or misunderstood, but that formal education can help students to restructure that knowledge and acquire new knowledge. Looking at the two aspects of modern science,we conclude that science by itself is neither good nor bad. it is the will and intentions of man,which makes him,put it to constructive use or take it to the path of devil. Science is knowledge of observation and analyzing facts. There is nothing good or bad with science. It is like knife, which may be used to cut branches of trees or vegetables and at the same time could be used to cut the throat of a man. It is all to man how he uses it. How to cite Scientific Method and Life.in Short Science, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

What role do competing political interests play in Essays

What role do competing political interests play in the implementation of poverty reduction policies? Poverty is a universal term and poverty elimination is a universal motto. Poverty destroys individuals, societies and nations. Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. It is the state of being sick but unable to see a doctor (Gordon et al., 2003). It is the condition which doesn't allow one to have basic necessities in life. Poverty is the condition of not having a job and no resources to live with. It brings fear of future. It is the synonym of powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom (Gordon et al., 2000). Poverty can retard the overall growth of a society. It can negatively affect the progress of the nation itself. "Poverty is produced by circumstances, not individuals," (Fincher Wulff, 1998). Economic crisis increases the so-called 'poverty sector', leading to joblessness and social unrest. A proper planning and a better utilization of the available resources of the nation will lessen the poverty level to a great extent (Narayan Parker, 2000). Diverting the existing resource to the disadvantaged people is the need of the hour. Every nation needs a proper governing authority to plan, accomplish and accelerate its growth. In developing countries especially, governments and political parties lead the show and try to bring progress to the society and stability to the economy by eliminating the curses like poverty. The ruling party and other political parties try to uplift the general status of the society and go deep into the problems and grievances of the people to a certain extent. Even though they do have opinion disputes and conflicts among them, they contribute a lot for the progress of the society and nation (especially rural areas where poverty is still a problem) (Pantazis, Gordon Levitas, 2006). Political interests and competitions play a major role in eliminating poverty from the nations. In the third world countries especially, political parties contribute a lot for the development works. Political parties try to perform well during their ruling tenure and take various actions for the negatively privileged sections of the society. They try to look into the agonies of the people of ill developed areas since such areas have the majority of the population in it. These less developed areas would be eagerly looking forward for a government which can help them to improve their total grade. No political party can ever think of getting rule in their hand without the votes of these majority weaker sections. So these thickly populated less developed areas are very important as far as political parties are concerned. They try to give alluring promises in their election campaign so that they can drain the votes of these areas. Filling the manifesto with various poverty reduction policies will definitely help the political parties to get the ballot in their favour. Poverty reduction will be the proclaimed motto of political parties of less developed countries. When they come into rule, these parties try to implement their poverty reduction policies to a certain extent at least. Political parties are very well aware of the fact that unless they bother about the poverty-stricken areas, nation will not see any progress in general and also they will not get the following election in their favour. Increasing number of political parties has thus favoured the development of nations in many ways. Progress of the nation is the declared motto of politics though we should doubt how far it is true in the cases of certain countries that have a corrupted political atmosphere. Interest groups play a major role in the flow of democracy, especially in developing countries. Numerous interest groups exist in countries where there are more issues and problems. A political interest group can be a group, who tries to influence the government in order to get their interest about the society done. These political parties, especially the main opposition parties can fight to get their demands met by the government. In certain cases opposition parties perform extremely well and they do represent the weaker sections. They can point out the flaws and weaknesses of the ruling party and can help them improve their rule. These competing political forces are of different nature. They vary in their size, ideology, policy focus, influential capability, and mode of representation. For example, some groups may focus on certain issues or geographical areas and some may be interested in certain special topics. Also there are certain political groups who work on broader areas of public policy. Certain interest groups focus on government alone to get their demands done whereas

Friday, March 20, 2020

Analyzing The Twilight Movie And Book English Literature Essay Essays

Analyzing The Twilight Movie And Book English Literature Essay Essays Analyzing The Twilight Movie And Book English Literature Essay Paper Analyzing The Twilight Movie And Book English Literature Essay Paper For case, Edward was dazing to Bella. In the Twilight book, Edward repeatedly smiled a crooked smiling. Every clip he did so, Bella merely could nt defy holding or loving him. Dazzling makes the book truly interesting. Why? In the first 3 books, Edward dazzles Bella, but in Breaking Dawn, Bella dazzles Edward. One of Bella s idolized friends in Twilight the novel is Jessica. She is a sweet, guiltless miss who sticks by Bella s side through it all. Well, every bit much as she can. Jessica can besides give off the I m excessively cool for you experiencing. Therefore, this is certainly the ground why the film assorted Jessica and Lauren s characters together. In the film, Jessica and Lauren s character s are assorted together to do one ; Jessica. Apparently, Summit Entertainment could merely afford to hold one cattie character. It truly matters to the narrative to hold both characters. The difference between characters is highly interesting. The diverseness between Lauren and Jessica s character s is really of import. The film needs to cognize the difference between them. Jessica is much kinder and more loving, and Lauren is wholly ill-mannered and covetous. Lauren directs Jessica s ideas ; she overpowers her. Having both characters sets a good contrast. Everyone knows that James tries to kill Bella. But does everyone cognize that James is really the alpha of the Nomad kin? Laurent puts on a great show seeking to look like he s alpha. What does this prove, though? That he wants to be alpha ? No 1, truly knows why, but possibly he feels power when he pretends. In the film, Laurent does feign to be alpha, but the lone existent intimation we get is when Laurent tells Carlisle that James is, lethal. Another line from Laurent s film character is, James let s non play with our nutrient, ( Twilight, Laurent ) demoing that James will listen to Laurent. Normally the strongest and smartest is leader. James is a tracker, so he can happen person by their aroma, and that s his power. Laurent s power is fundamentally merely his playing and pretense. He pretends to be Bella s friend, and turns out, he wants to eat her himself, alternatively of salvage her for Victoria. Laurent shows he has the possible to be a future kin leader, but can he truly be? Reading the book will do things easier for one piece watching the film. Thingss will do more sense. Bella s character non merely changes as she grows, but when she changes from novel to film. In the book, Bella describes herself to be a lone wolf and hard to associate to other people of her sort ( human ) and doing friends. Bella easy attracts danger and awkwardness Bella s strength of will is perceptibly different. In the novel, Bella is smarter ; she knows when to asseverate herself. In the film, she is merely wholly obsessed with him. Bella is a pushover in the film, every bit good. Edward is supposed to implore Bella to allow him drive the truck. In the movie, she merely lets him! In the film Bella is so level, it s non that Bella s character is unemotional, she s merely a reserved individual, so she truly does care about what her friends say and do, shes merely diffident, and ever feels like shes on the border of the group. In the film she has no emotional response to them at all ; she could care less about them. The scene where Edward saves Bella from the rockerss is another illustration where Bella can differ with Edward. He tries to acquire her to remain for dinner, but Bella says that she can non. In the movie, she merely immediately agrees to remain. Stagily, Bella s character is antisocial, in that the lone individual that she will hold an on-going conversation with is Edward, or about Edward. Even her conversations with Edward are merely about his stateliness and the barbarous state of affairs that they find themselves in, because he is a lamia . Twilight as a novel was really romantic and cute. The temper is mixed in the narrative. There are points in the narrative where it s glooming, happy, romantic, amusive and other things all at one time. The haste of the narrative is tickle pinking. A state of affairs that makes one say, Aw in Twilight is when Edward states, Before you, Bella, my life was like a moonless dark. Very dark, but there were stars- points of visible radiation and ground And so you shot across my sky like a meteor. Suddenly everything was on fire ; there was luster, there was beauty. When you were gone, when the meteor had fallen over the skyline, everything went black. Nothing had changed, but my eyes were blinded by the visible radiation. I could nt see the stars any longer. And there was no more ground for anything. ( Meyer, 514, New Moon ) Edward says small things like these in the book, but why ca nt he state long, beautiful soliloquies in the film? The declared quotation mark can do one feel happy a nd astonishing interior, merely by reading one paragraph of a novel. The emotions you have while reading a fresh sets your love or hatred for the book. The movie, on the other manus, gives off a different temper. While watching the film, one can acquire the feeling of hatred, by irritation of a character ; the movie in general can do one unhappy. Another feeling that is given off is enigma. Is Edward a lamia or merely a quiet male child? The feeling of enigma has you sitting on the border of your place inquiring what s traveling to go on following if this is 1s first clip observation. All together, the movie and the film are really different in many ways. Sometimes the film is better than the book, sometimes it is frailty versa. Every book will ever hold more item in it ; most times the novel is published foremost, doing it the chief plot line, so no affair what, the book will ever be more interesting.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Impersonal Statements in Spanish Subjunctive Mood

Impersonal Statements in Spanish Subjunctive Mood Impersonal expressions of the type es adjective que are almost always followed by a verb in the subjunctive mood. This is because such expressions usually indicate either a value judgment or a desire. Some Examples Es importante que estemos en la misma pgina. It is important that we be on the same page.Es sorprendente que nadie haya ido a la crcel. Its surprising no one has gone to jail.No es bueno que el hombre està © sà ³lo. It is not good for the man to be alone.Es posible que algunos sitios web no se muestren o funcionen correctamente en ese navegador. Its possible that some websites dont display or function properly in that browser.Es necesario que cierren las escuelas. Its necessary for them to close the schools.Es prohibido que la familia anfitriona aloje otros estudiantes. The host family is prohibited from lodging other students.Es interesante que el equipo gane. Its interesting that the team is winning.Es natural que yo està © enamorado de ti. Its natural that Im in love with you. As you might expect, the same holds true in other tenses: Era urgente que llegara a la ciudad. It was urgent for him to arrive at the city.Ser preciso que vayas a Buenos Aires. It will be necessary for you to go to Buenos Aires. Impersonal verbs with similar meanings and followed by que also are followed by a verb in the subjunctive: No me interesa que el equipo gane. It doesnt interest me that the team is winning.Importa que la familia reciba el dinero. It is important that the family receives the money. The main exception to using the subjunctive after expressions of the type es adjective que occurs when the impersonal expression explicitly states that what follows is factual: Es obvio que estoy preocupado. Its obvious Im worried.Es cierto que la familia est en crisis. It is certain that the family is in crisis.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Oracle Database 11g Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4000 words

Oracle Database 11g - Assignment Example In case there are numerous databases that exists on the very same server, then there is a distinct and separate database instance for every database. It is not possible or recommendable to share a database instance. Connection in a database instance is the communication that occurs between the instance and the user process. Session in a database instance, on the other hand, is the specific connection of a database user to an instance through the database user process that it stands for in the current user login to the instance. Whenever an Oracle Database user runs the process for the first time, it calls for a specific piece of data. The Oracle searches for the data from the database buffer cache. The search process can either find the data or not find it. If the data is found, it is referred to as a cache hit, and when it misses the data it is called a cache miss. When it is a cache hit, the data is read from the memory directly. If it is a cache miss, the data must be copied from a data file on the disk then into a buffer in the cache before the data is accessed freshly. To accommodate several users and to maximize performance, an Oracle Database multi-process system uses some extra Oracle Database process named background processes. There are numerous background processes in an Oracle Database instance. The Database Writer Process, abbreviated as DBWn, writes the buffer contents to the data files. The DBWn are tasked with writing the modified buffers in the database buffer to the system disk. Even through a single database is sufficient for most systems (DBW0), additional processes can be configured to enhance write performance if the system heavily modifies the data ((DBW1, DBW9, DBWa and through to DBWz). The control files constitute the database data (physical database information). The files are very important to the database, without them, the data files cannot be opened. The information can also contain the